Late diagnosis of HIV infection is still a major public health problem in Spain and around the world.  In particular, migrant populations experience a disproportionate vulnerability and risk to this infection, as they represent around a third of the new diagnoses in Spain.

Some factors have been reported in the basis of the risk of HIV infection in this group: isolation from the usual social environment, insufficient perception of risk, lack of information about their rights and about HIV; as well as the sexual taboos related to prevention measures and HIV itself.

In terms of new HIV diagnoses in migrant populations, there is growing evidence that the proportion of post-migration acquired infections is high. Comprehensive health education, early diagnosis and specialized care programmes cultural and linguistically adapted are, therefore, needed for a population that is not being reached by the current measures.





Women account for half of all people living with HIV in the world. In recent years in Spain, 50 % of women diagnosed are migrant women and up to 25 % of AIDS cases in women occur in migrants from Central America, South America and Sub-Saharan Africa.

Treatment dropout rates for migrant women can be as much as double that of Spanish women. In general, compared to autochthonous women and migrant or autochthonous men, migrant women with HIV have poorer adherence to treatment and medical follow-up.



The WHO defines Sexual and Reproductive Health as the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, in aspects relating to sexuality and reproduction at all stages of life. It implies that people can have a safe and satisfying sex life, the ability to have children and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to have them.

We all have the right to receive information and care about our sexual and reproductive health and to access to safe, effective and affordable methods of family planning; as well as to adequate services throughout the process of pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum without cultural or language barriers.




What Do We Offer at Salud Entre Culturas?


Salud Entre Culturas (Health Among Cultures) is the multidisciplinary public health and migration team of the Asociación para el Estudio de las Enfermedades Infecciosas (Association for the Study of Infectious Diseases). Our mission is to integrate the migrant population, fostering understanding and coexistence between cultures through health.

Our objectives:

  • Inform migrant populations about the most relevant infectious diseases, promoting preventive behaviours and reducing stigma attitudes.
  • Boost the early diagnosis of HIV infection.
  • Promote the diagnosis and treatment of Chagas disease and Strongyloidiasis.
  • Train health staff in the management of socio-cultural diversity.
  • Offer a professional interpreting and cultural mediation in-person service specialised in the health field.

Our projects:




#VIHsibilidad Intercultural

Contact Us



+34 622 042 564

+34 722 140 142


Unidad de Medicina Tropical – Hospital Ramón y Cajal de Madrid

Calle San Modesto S/N